Kavi Choudappa Satakam (rendered into English) -(7)

Kavi Choudappa Satakam (rendered into English) -(7)

aMbhoejaakshula loepala
raMbhayokaDu aMdagatte, raagaMbulaloe
gaaMbhiiryamugala raagamu
kaaMbhoejiye kuMdavarapu kavi chouDappaa.

అంభోజాక్షుల లోపల
రంభయొకడు అందగత్తె, రాగంబులలో
గాంభీర్యముగల రాగము
కాంభోజియె కుందవరపు కవి చౌడప్పా. (Poem 23) (In Telugu font)

amongst the lotus-eyed lovely women
Rambha is the only one too beautiful,
amongst Ragas, grandest is only Raga
Kambhoji, Oh Kundavarapu Kavi Choudappaa.

As per Hindu mythology, Rambha is one of the four celestial dancers present in the Court of Devendra, the leader of all gods – the celestial beings. The other three are – Urvasi, Menaka and Tilottama. These four clelstial dancers are considered very beautiful women and of these four, Rambha is considered the most beautiful women. These celestial dancers are often known as Apsaras, the wives of Gandharvas – the Court musicians of Devendra. In the Court of Devendra these Apsaras dance to the musical accompaniment of Gandarvas.

Raga means a tune, a song or a musical composition is set to. In Carnatic style of music there are infinite number of Ragas. Raga Kambhoji is one of the most popular ragas in South Indian Carnatic music, the earliest reference of which goes back to as far back as 7th-8th Centuries AD.  It is popularly believed that the origin of this Raga is linked to the land Kambhoja janapada i.e., North-Western India. Raga Kambhoji is known as Rag Khamaj in North Indian Hindustani style of music.  It is remarked by some critics that Raga Kambhohi or Khamaj is very sublime and a passionate Raga as well, which has the power in it to turn the petals of a flower to red with passion. Hari Kambhoji, Yadukula Kambhoji, Chemchu Kambhoji are some variants of Kambhoji Raga.

Some of the Tyagaraja kritis composed in Raga Kambhoji are –

మా జానకి చెట్ట బట్టగ మహరాజువైతివి
(maa jaanaki cheTTa baTTaga maharaajuvaitivi)

శ్రీ రఘువరా ప్రమేయ మామవ
(Srii raghuvaraa prameaya maamava)

ఎవరి మాట విన్నావో రావో యిందులేవో భళి భళి
(evari maaTa vinnaavoe raavoe yiMduleavoe bhaLi bhaLi).

Likewise, one of the Tyagaraja kritis composed in Raga Hari kaaMbhoji is –

ఉండేది రాముడొకడు జూరక చెడిపోకు మనసా
(uMDeadi raamuDokaDu juuraka cheDipoeku manasaa)


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