Gems of Telugu poetry –‘Satakamu’ (6)

‘Bhaskara Satakamu’ has a special place in Telugu ‘Sataka saahityamu’ (Sataka type literature). The specialty of the poems in Bhaskara Satakamu is each poem divides itself into two parts; the first part being a statement and the second part is the establishment of what the statement says proving it by taking support from real life instances or established facts.

There is an interesting story relating to this type of writing poetry.  The story is:

Long ago, there lived a Brahmin.  He had two sons.  The elder son was a disciplined one and the younger was opposite to this, he was irresponsible, troublesome, was averse to schooling and thus wayward.  One day, unable to bear the nuisance being created by his brother, the elder one or his wife scolds this man to such a point that he feels humiliated and in a fit of rage, he leaves the home and the village.  He goes to Kasi (Varanasi).  There by the providence of God, he attains wisdom and after some years returns home. He stands in front of his house and calls out his brother stating that he has come back with proper wisdom to tell even poetry.  The elder one could not believe this, he stays put in the house and starts testing his brother.  The test was the he would give a statement in poetic form, which his brother standing outside of the house should fill it with equally competent poetic lines.  The test started and one by one, the poems in Bhaskara Satakamu emanated from the mouths of both the brothers.

The first poem in Bhaskara Satakamu reads as under:

“Sriigala  bhaagyaSaali  kaDa  jearaga  vatturu  taaru  daare  duu
raagamana  prayaasamuna  kaadaTa  noerchiyunaina  nilva  nu
dyoegamucheasi,  ratna  nilayuMDani  kaade  samastavaahinul
saagaru jearu Tella  munisannuta!  madgurumuurti!  bhaaskaraa!”

“శ్రీగల భాగ్యశాలి కడ జేరగ వత్తురు తారు దారె దూ
రాగమన ప్రయాసమున కాదట నోర్చియునైన నిల్వ ను
ద్యోగముచేసి, రత్న నిలయుండని కాదె సమస్తవాహినుల్
సాగరు జేరు టెల్ల మునిసన్నుత! మద్గురుమూర్తి! భాస్కరా!” (In Telugu font)

People come from afar to a man of unbound riches
On their own not caring the distance wishing to find a job and stay
Is it not that all rivers flow to the ocean since he possessed
Priceless jewels, Oh Bhaaskara! My teacher! Praised by saintly men!”

In the above poem, the first two lines are the statement and the latter are the lines that proved the wisdom of the statement with an example of established fact.

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